Rotator Cuff Injury

Muscles Of The Back Rotatror Cuff InjuryThe rotator cuff is made up of four tendons and muscles that converge around the shoulder joint at the top of the upper arm bone (the humerus). The tendons and muscles form a “cuff” that allows the arm to move in different directions and yet hold it in place by supporting the joint. The shoulder (glenohumeral) joint is one of the most mobile joints in the body being used for all sorts of things and therefore susceptible to varying loads under various movements. As such the rotator cuff muscles are prone to strain, tear, tendinopathies, overuse and underuse injuries.

If one or more of these muscles is torn, injured, tight or inflamed then pain and restriction of movement is the result. Other conditions can also affect the shoulder joint and so this is can be a difficult injury to diagnosis without consideration of other causes. Symptoms include referred pain down the arm and into the wrist or hand. Also pain or tenderness in and around the shoulder itself, difficulty in moving the shoulder, snapping or crackling sounds when moving the shoulder and not being able to sleep on the shoulder.

If you believe that you have a rotator cuff injury a good protocol to use is Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Following this for a few days or until any swelling or inflammation has eased, then massage can help the healing of the muscle fibres and bring nutrients to the area and remove waste and debris from the site of injury. This can be coupled with specific strengthening exercises to restore muscle function.


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